Research and test experience

The Aptis test model is based on the most influential test validation theory in modern English assessment - social cognitive theory. This theory focuses on how the three elements (testers, test systems, and scoring systems) are combined to measure the test performance of the examinees, with the test performance being closely related to their English proficiency.

Aptis and CEFR

Aptis test result reports show candidates' scores on each skill tested and the CEFR level that the candidate has reached. This pair of scoring systems constitutes a three-dimensional personal database of candidates. They describe the true level of different English application levels, and help education institutions and teachers to fully, meticulously and accurately understand a candidate's English ability.

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: learning, teaching, assessment, (CEFR), was created by the Council of Europe to be a language standard that describes the ability of English language learners in speaking, reading, writing and listening and measures learners’ learning outcomes at different stages. This standard is widely recognised and used by educational institutions, enterprises and governments around the world and provides general guidance for the development of language syllabuses, curriculum and textbook design, language testing, etc. Additionally, many internationally recognised English language tests, such as IELTS and Aptis, are associated with this standard as a reference for test score grading.

In describing a language learner’s ability, in terms of speaking, reading, listening and writing, CEFR is broadly categorised into Level A – Basic User, Level B – Independent User and Level C – Proficient User. These levels are further categorised into six levels, being, A1, A2, B1, B2, C1 and C2.

Read the following documents to learn more about the background to the development of Aptis and related academic support.

  • Aptis Test Development Approach (Adobe PDF 363KB)
  • Aptis Formal Trials Feedback Report (Adobe PDF 253KB)